Suwannee Hulaween boasts the ultimate Halloween lineup for 2015, featuring a huge roster of artists across a multitude of genres. The String Cheese Incident, Pretty Lights, Primus, STS9, Chance the Rapper & Social Experiment, ODESZA, Slightly Stoopid, GRiZ, Lettuce, Railroad Earth, Papadosio, The Floozies, Sam Bush Band, Dopapod, The New Mastersounds, Future Rock, Goldfish, Elephant Revival, The Nth Power, Earphunk, Sister Sparrow and the Dirtybirds, Turbo Suit, and many more are slated for the massive three-day event, which takes place at the majestic Spirit of the Suwannee Music Park in Live Oak, Florida, October 30th-November 1st.Live for Live Music is excited to offer you the chance to win the incredible VIP “Mummy” Package for two! This includes:-Discounted Beverages including Beer and Liquor Drinks-VIP Indoor Bathrooms-Designated VIP Viewing Areas at Main Stage-VIP Camping Area located near the Main Stage-VIP Swag Bag including Hulaween 2015 Poster, T-shirt, Laminate & more!-Complementary Massages-Complementary Golf Cart Shuttle Service throughout the park at designated VIP stopsPLUS!-Side stage viewing of SCI Halloween set-2 x Thursday Pre-party TicketsEnter to win below! UPDATE [10.5]: Due to an excessive number of spambots that attacked this contest, we have unfortunately been forced to end this giveaway prior to the initial end date. The spam entries have been isolated and removed, through the tireless efforts of our staff, but the effects of these entries were wreaking havoc on our infrastructure and forced us to make this unfortunate decision. We appreciate everyone who participated in this contest, and will reveal the winning entrant in the near future. Thank you for your continued support of Live for Live Music!
Verizon Wireless recently activated new fourth generation (4G) Long Term Evolution (LTE) network coverage in the vicinity of Route 2 in North Hero, Vermont. 4G LTE empowers Verizon Wireless customers with compatible devices to surf the Web, post status updates and photos, and download files wirelessly at speeds up to 10 times faster than customers on 3G networks.In 2012, Verizon Wireless completed $256 million in wireless network enhancements across New England, increasing the company’s regional network investment to more than $3.3 billion since its inception in 2000. Verizon Wireless also introduced and expanded 4G LTE service within the Green Mountain State as follows:– May 2012: Verizon Wireless debuted 4G LTE in Burlington and more than 30 additional communities throughout Northern Vermont.– July 2012: Verizon Wireless expanded 4G LTE to Bennington, Rutland and 16 additional communities.– August 2012: Verizon Wireless activated 4G LTE service in Brattleboro, White River Junction and 14 additional communities, bringing the power of 4G LTE to more than sixty communities throughout the state in a matter of months.In addition to enhancing technologies at already existing cell sites, in 2012 Verizon Wireless built and activated new cell sites within the following Vermont communities: Castleton, Colchester, Hardwick, Hinesburg, North Hero, Northfield, South Hero, Swanton and Westford.‘ 4G LTE is changing the way customers interact with the world via next generation apps, devices and solutions,’ commented Dave MacBeth, Executive Director of Network for Verizon Wireless. ‘ By investing in wireless broadband we’ re investing in local communities and economies where our customers live, work and play.’Two years after its launch, the Verizon 4G LTE network is available to more than 273 million people across the U.S. ‘ close to 89 percent of the U.S. population. For a full list of 4G LTE markets please visit www.verizonwireless.com/lte(link is external).
With Martin Luther King weekend on the way, Vermont ski and snowboard resorts are brimming with events and deals. From fireworks to meeting owls, lodging packages to learn-to ski incentives — check them all out at SkiVermont.com.(link is external)EVENTSJanuary 17, 2015 – Okemo Shakin’ Skate NightA fun evening of ice skating with a live DJ, games, and fun for the whole family in Okemo’s Ice House skating pavilion(link is external) at Jackson Gore! Admission fee charged. Skate rentals available. January 17, 2015 – Meet Oberon the Owl at Q Burke Mountain ResortDiscover the unique adaptations and habits of Vermont’s owls, and meet Oberon: Northwood’s travelling Barred Owl. Skiburke.com/events/ for complete details. $10/pp, 5-6:30pm. January 17, 2015 – Torchlight Parade & Dance Party at Suicide SixA fun event for the whole family: Après ski in the Lounge from 4:00pm – 6:00pm. Torchlight Parade – shortly after sunset. Dancing in the Lodge from 6:30pm – 10:00pm. $5.00 per person – $20.00 per car load.January 17-19, 2015 – Acrobag Weekend at Q Burke Mountain ResortFriday through Sunday from 9am to 3pm, Q burke will have an Acrobag available to the public. $40/pp, for a day pass, $30/student. Patio BBQ and Big Air Competition begins Sunday, Jan 18 at 1pm.January 17, 2015 – American Melting Pot Family Buffet at Sugarbush ResortEnjoy a variety of classic American dishes with entertainment including stilt walkers, face painters, and hula hoop dancers. Conclude the night with a torchlight parade and fireworks viewing.January 17, 2015 – Tour De Moon at Sugarbush ResortJoin us for a moonlit skin or snowshoe up Mt. Ellen to the Glen House for dinner and beverages, followed by skiing or riding back to the base. Open to skinners of all abilities with skinning equipment available from the Alpine Shop.January 18, 2015 – PHAT Day at Okemo Mountain Resort To commemorate National Safety Month, the PHAT (Protect Your Head at All Times/Protect Your Head on All Terrain) team will be on hand to extol the virtues of wearing a helmet while skiing and riding. They’ll have stickers, posters and helmet raffles.January 18, 2015 – Ro Jam Bo Rail Jam Series at Stratton MountainBrought to you by Stratton Mountain Resort and USASA Southern Vermont Series, the Ro Jam Bo Rail Jam Series comes to Stratton giving skiers and riders a chance at $10,000 in cash and prizes! Stratton Park Crew creates a sweet rail arena with different lines for all ability levels. Pro and amateur classes. Visit stratton.com for registration details.January 18, 2015 – Okemo Fireworks ShowOkemo lights up the night sky with a spectacular fireworks show at 7:30 p.m., visitors can enjoy a winter warmer in the Sitting Bull, located in the Okemo Clock Tower base lodge. For the best view, join the snowshoe hike and watch the fireworks from around a bonfire on the mountain. Call (802) 228-1600 to reserve a spot on the tour.January 23-24, 2015 – University of Vermont Winter Carnival at Trapp Family LodgeThe top skiers from New England Colleges and Universities, the likes of University of Vermont, Middlebury College and Dartmouth, compete with each other throughout the weekend. The format for the skate races will be individual starts and the classic races will be mass start, with 5Km and 10Km men’s and women’s events. http://www.uvmathletics.com/schedule.aspx?path=ski(link is external)January 23-25, 2015 – Women on Snow at Stratton Mountain Supercharge your skiing skills with coaching, camaraderie, fitness and a whole lot of fun. Open to all levels age 18 and older. Whether you are just starting out, an intermediate looking for a big breakthrough, or an expert who is looking to expand their skills even further, this camp is for you. Space is limited. For all ability levels, ages 18+ Visit stratton.com for details and more dates.January 24, 2015 – K-Town Showdown at Killington ResortKillington Parks will celebrate the opening of Dream Maker on Bear Mountain with a full-day rail jam sponsored by Never Summer, SPY, GoPro, Under Armour and Sunoco.January 24, 2015 – Q Burke Comedy Tour stop #5: Dan Crohn, Phoebe Angle, and Autumn SpencerCome have a good laugh in the Kingdom Café as we feature three comedians from 9-11pm. Drink service is available to audience members with a valid 21+ ID. 18+ Event, $20 pre-purchase, $30 Day-of. January 24, 2015 – Boston’s Mix 104.1’s Wellness on Wheels Tour at Smugglers’ Notch ResortJoin Boston’s Mix 104.1 at the Morse Mountain Gazebo in Smugglers’ Village from 10:00 am – 12:00 noon to enjoy great Mix music, healthy samples, great tips, free giveaways, and fun souvenirs. Mix 104.1’s Erin O’Malley and Smugglers’ Goodtime Charlie will be at the weekend après ski party at the Black Bear Tavern in the Base Lodge from 2:00 to 4:00 pm for great prizes, contests, and music.January 24-25, 2015 – Wounded Military Heroes Weekend at Bromley MountainThe Bart Center for special needs will host the tenth annual Wounded Military Heroes weekend. This weekend is dedicated to our service veterans who have been wounded in action. It gives them an opportunity to experience the sport of skiing or snowboarding with some of the best instructors in the business. Learn more, or how you can participate at www.bartcenter.com(link is external).January 24-25, 2015 – NATO Tele Workshop at Bromley MountainThese annual events are the most complete on-snow telemark clinics offered in North America. Everything is covered, from the elementary concepts behind the style to high-end hybrid, free heel techniques including step, jump, and hop tele’s, linking smooth turns and free heel parallel. Visit NATO’s website(link is external) for more information & to register.January 24, 2015 – Okemo’s Flannel with Flair FundraiserA benefit for the Okemo Community Challenge, Flannel with Flair continues the tradition of supporting the economic, environmental and social wellbeing of the local community. Enjoy dinner and dancing with live music at Okemo’s Jackson Gore Roundhouse. Call Vermont Properties at (802) 228-8877 for more information.January 25, 2015 – Ski for Heat at Bromley MountainJoin us for a fun, community event aimed at supporting Ski for Heat. It’s easy to join in on the fun; Register online at SkiforHeat.org(link is external), check in at Guest Services on January 25th to get your $40 lift ticket and your bib number. Half of all proceeds raised will go back to Ski for Heat as a donation, and the top three skiers or riders with the most runs on the day will get a bunch of great prizes.January 25, 2015 – Mountain Dew Vertical Challenge at Q Burke Mountain ResortThe Q Burke chapter of the Mountain Dew Vertical challenge is a Dual-Slalom Alpine race taking place from 11am-2pm. Awards will be given to the winning competitors. Sign up at www.skiverticalchallenge.com(link is external).January 26-30, 2015 – Okemo Women’s Alpine AdventuresThis program is designed exclusively for women(link is external) and led by some of the best female ski and snowboard coaches in the business. Their goal is to take skiing and snowboarding women to the next level in any snow conditions and on any terrain. Participants quickly overcome fear, build self-confidence and meet new friends in a supportive and social environment. For more information call (802) 228-1600.January 30, 2015 – Subaru and Hyundai Owner Appreciation Day at Bolton ValleyOn Friday, January 30, Subaru and Hyundai owners can get one free lift ticket and buy up to three more lift tickets at 50% off. January 30 – February 1, 2015 – Women’s Ski Discovery Camp at Sugarbush ResortOne of two fun and inspiring multi-day ski and ride camps for women only. Activities include instruction, demos, video analysis, equipment talk, and après fun.January 31 – February 1, 2015 – Boy Scout Weekend at Bromley MountainNow in its 40th season, the Boy Scouts of America, Green Mountain Council Bromley Ski Weekend is the oldest scouting event of its kind in the country. Scouts will have the opportunity to work on their snow sports merit badge over the weekend. 1pm Saturday will kick off the annual race with the fastest skier and snowboarder each winning a season pass to Bromley for the 2015/16 season. Scouts, visit scoutingvermont.org for more info.January 31, 2015 – Swan Lake with the State Ballet Theatre of Russia At Stowe’s Spruce Peak Performing Arts CenterThe world’s most beloved Russian folk tale involves the young princess Odette transformed into a swan, the handsome prince Siegfried, Odile, and triumph over adversity. Music by Tchaikovsky. DEALSBolton Valley50/50 Monday -Every Monday folks age 50 and over get 50% off lift tickets, lessons, rentals and lunch.College Night – Every Wednesday college students pay just $19 for lift tickets staring at noon. Pizza slices, hot dogs and sodas are just $2 for college students on Wednesdays.Late Night at Bolton Valley -Every Friday the lifts spin until 10pm and lift tickets are just $19 starting at 7pm. Cap your night off with nightly drink specials, late night food and live entertainment in the James Moore Tavern.Bolton After Dark -Every Saturday, night skiing is just $19 starting at 4pm and flatbread slices and sodas are only $2 from 4-8pm. Bromley MountainJanuary 19, 2015 – Start Fun, Start Free: Intro to Ski & Ride FREE at Bromley Mountain. Join the Bromley Ski & Snowboard School in the newly sculpted Terrain Based Learning Zone for FREE on Monday, January 19. Here’s the skinny: Ages 6 & up, please. Package includes a Learning Zone lift ticket, rental equipment and instruction from 10:30am to noon. Call the Bromley Ski and Snowboard School to register by 4pm on 1/18/2014 at 802/824/5522 x301. Limited to the first 75 participants to register.Family Fridays at Bromley Mountain – Every full paying can purchase up to three teen/junior tickets for just $20 each. Family Fridays are good every Friday this winter season except during the holiday periods.2-fer Tuesdays at Bromley Mountain – Buy one full priced lift ticket on 2-fer Tuesdays and get a second free. Valid every non-holiday Tuesday, except for 3/17. Valid for two people, both must be present.KidsRule Online Discount at Bromley Mountain – Reserve your KidsRule Mountain Camps(link is external) lesson online this season and save $10 per day – reserve now.(link is external)Killington ResortWith the Ski & Stay Package, save on lodging and lift tickets, plus lessons and rental equipment. Kids 6 years old and younger ski free every day at Killington when accompanied by an adult, plus with the pre-purchase of each Adult 5-day or longer lift ticket, one child 7-12 years old receives a KIDS SKI FREE complimentary lift ticket for the same dates & number of days as the adult lift ticket. Please note that the KIDS SKI FREE complimentary lift ticket is not available if ticket duration includes peak days Jan 17 – 20.3 & 4 Day Killington Ski & Stay FREE Midweek – Experience the best of Killington, midweek! Arrive Sunday, Monday or Tuesday night for three nights of lodging and three days of skiing for the price of two — your third night and day are FREE! Or arrive Sunday or Monday for four nights and days for the price of three — your fourth night and day are FREE! Advance reservations required, packages must be booked at least 1-day prior to arrival, not available on peak days.Okemo Mountain ResortVT/NH Wonderful Wednesdays at Okemo – Ski or ride an entire day any Wednesday in January for just $39 (half day after 12:30pm for just $29). Proof of residency in the form of a valid VT/NH driver’s license, hunting/fishing license, or voter registration card must be presented at the time of purchase to take advantage of VT/NH special lift ticket deals. Learn about Sunday deals too!(link is external)Third Night FREE at Okemo – Reserve 2 nights at any of Okemo’s lodging properties at the regular rate, for stays January 4 – 22, 2015, and receive the 3rd night FREE! (excludes January 16-18, 2015). Call (866) 706-5366, ext. 1 to reserve.Pico Mountain My Pico Packs(link is external) – 3, 4 and 5-day My Pico Packs are available for advance purchase only and provide all ages with full mountain access at Pico Mountain for three or four days. The 5-day My Pico Pack includes four days at Pico Mountain, and an additional day to be used at Pico Mountain anytime or at Killington Resort, non-peak.Midweek Ski & Stay Packages from $77 – Package includes lodging Wednesday and Thursday nights, and a 2-day lift ticket valid Thursday and Friday. Or stay Sunday and Monday nights with a 2-day lift ticket for Sunday and Monday from $92.Weekend Ski & Stay Package from $117 – Package includes lodging Friday and Saturday nights, and a 2-day lift ticket valid Saturday and Sunday.For more information and reservations, please call (866) 667-7426 or visit www.picomountain.com(link is external) Smugglers’ Notch ResortFrom January 16-31, 2015, Smugglers’ Notch Resort offers SuperSaver pricing starting at $95 per youth (3-17) and $125 per adult on Club Smugglers’ vacation packages. Packages include condominium lodging, daily lift tickets, snowshoe and cross country trail passes, enjoyment of the indoor pool and hot tubs, and family and adult entertainment. (www.smuggs.com/skivtw(link is external), 855-814-7325)Stowe Mountain ResortStowe ByPass -Take everything you don’t like about ticket lines and make that easy. As easy as walking from your car directly to the lift and going skiing. That’s the ByPass program at Stowe Mountain Resort. Simply get an Evolution Stowe Card online, sign-up for ByPass and go direct to the lift every day you ski or ride in Stowe. Add to that, instantaneous savings by automatically paying the discounted ByPass rate, even during holidays, the first time you’re scanned at the lift each day. The Evolution Stowe Card(link is external) has replaced traditional tickets, using RFID technology for optimum convenience and value throughout Stowe Mountain Resort. Sign up for ByPass free.(link is external)Stratton Mountain ResortThe One Nighter – For maximum slope time, this package includes two days of lift tickets and one night of lodging at the heart of Stratton Mountain Resort. The One Nighter is just $199 for two people, two days of skiing or riding and one night at Liftline Lodge.Long Weekend – Make it a long weekend and ski free on Friday or Monday. Book the Thursday, Friday and Saturday or Friday, Saturday and Sunday Long Weekend Package and you’ll enjoy Friday or Monday on the slopes for free. Rates start at $79 per person, per night. Visit stratton.com for details and reservations, weekends fill up fast.Sugarbush Resort$30 Thursdays – Every Thursday through March 26th, Mt. Ellen lift tickets are $30. Enjoy live après music featuring local bands and food specials at the Green Mountain Lounge in the afternoon sponsored by Cabot Cheese and Long Trail.Woodstock Inn and ResortTubbs Snowshoes Total Tranquility – Experience the peaceful winter beauty of the Vermont’s Woodstock Inn & Resort. The Tubbs Snowshoe Total Serenity package is designed allow you to enjoy what Mother Nature has to offer during the winter months. Enjoy a day on our scenic trail network then unwind at The Spa with a therapeutic massage, steam room, sauna & jacuzzi. Learn more at www.woodstockinn.com(link is external).
Vermont Business Magazine The Vermont Community Foundation and the organizing committee for the Con Hogan Award for Creative, Entrepreneurial, Community Leadership are pleased to announce that Holly Morehouse, Executive Director of Vermont Afterschool, Inc, will be honored with this year’s award. The $15,000 award, to be used however the recipient chooses, will be presented to Morehouse at a reception on October 4th at the Vermont College of Fine Arts in Montpelier.Established by a group of his colleagues, the annual award recognizes the life’s work of Con Hogan by rewarding each year a community leader who shares his vision of a better Vermont and who seizes the responsibility for making that vision a reality. The award is given to a leader who shows deep community involvement, generosity, enthusiasm, a collaborative approach, and a focus on data and outcomes in his or her work.As one of the co-founders of the statewide nonprofit Vermont Afterschool, Inc. (VTA), established in 2009, Morehouse has played a major role in advancing high quality afterschool and summer learning opportunities for all Vermont children and youth. Her goal is to make the “third learning space”—the space after home and school where children spend the bulk of their time—meaningful.Her focus on creating statewide partnerships and collaborations, with strong diversified funding, promotes the education of children and youth in creative ways that extend beyond the school day and school year. In her role as Executive Director of VTA, Morehouse brings 20 years of experience in project management, community-based decision making, communication and collaboration processes, and leadership to her work. The committee noted that, like Hogan, Morehouse is effective at making a difference by staying focused on the big picture, bringing together people with diverse views, and using data and analysis to stay on track. She has developed a network of partners both in and outside of Vermont and advocates policies that encourage partnership, complementary connections, and collaboration.For more information about the award and to register for the upcoming reception on October 4th from 4:30 – 6:30 p.m., please visit vermontcf.org/ConHoganOct4(link is external)Members of the Con Hogan Award organizing committee are Alissa Auerbach, Paul Cillo, Steve Dale, Scott Johnson, Cheryl Mitchell, Felipe Rivera, Heidi Tringe, Diana Wahle, and Linda Wheatley. VBM vermontbiz.com
Senate advances K-12 funding bill to rival House plan; Denning apologies. The Kansas Senate on Thursday approved a K-12 funding bill that would inject around $275 million per year in additional funding into K-12 schools. That’s about $250 million less than the approximately $525 million in increased funding in the plan approved by the House earlier this week. Sen. Majority Leader Jim Denning of Overland Park issued a mea culpa during the proceedings, saying he took the blame for the idea of delaying a vote on a bill until the chambers had approved a constitutional amendment stripping the judiciary of K-12 funding oversight. “I know I lost a lot of credibility,” Denning said. “I’ll try to get that back.” [Kansas Senate GOP produces votes to pass a school funding bill to rival larger House package — Topeka Capital Journal]Number of appraisal appeals jumps 27 percent. The number of Johnson County property owners filing appeals after this year’s notices of value from the Appraiser’s Office jumped 27 percent from 2017, with around 6,000 appeals cases opened. [Johnson County receives more than 6,000 residential property appraisal appeals — KSHB]
Anderson said he’s been a longtime proponent of changing the way the schedule is set up, but he said that he’s had no success with people around the league.“I told them, ‘We’ve played six games in our history of 126 seasons before April 1 outside,’” he said. “It doesn’t happen.”If the weather renders Siebert Field unplayable this weekend, Anderson said the series will be canceled.Minnesota’s series last weekend against Northwestern was relocated from Evanston, Ill., to St. Charles, Mo., because of weather.Anderson said relocation wouldn’t be an option for this weekend series because of a combination of factors, including cost, missed class time and no place for relocation.With the demolition of the Metrodome, the Gophers don’t have an alternative stadium nearby.Now that the long road trip is over, though, the team will be able to get into a more consistent schedule with practice, weight lifting and schoolwork, among other things.Olinger said it’s nice to play at the scheduled time, but one of the mantras of baseball players is “play whenever.”“We’re just playing the game, and we’re going to do it whenever we get the opportunity,” he said. “Whether it’s delayed or cold or wet outside, we’re going to do it to the best of our ability.”No matter what happens, the Gophers know the weather is out of their hands.“Coaches always say, ‘Control what you can control,’” junior pitcher Ben Meyer said. “So we’ve been doing that and staying focused in practice and getting done what we can get done with what we have to work with.” Gophers hope to play first home seriesMinnesota canceled seven games last year because of weather conditions.Daily File Photo, Amanda SnyderMinnesota shortstop Michael Handel swings at a pitch against Ohio State on Friday, April 5, 2013, at Siebert Field. Betsy HelfandMarch 27, 2014Jump to CommentsShare on FacebookShare on TwitterShare via EmailPrintAfter 20 consecutive road games, the Gophers baseball team is finally home.Minnesota is fresh off its longest road trip of the year and will welcome the chance to play at Siebert Field this weekend — if it gets the chance.“We’ve been in every time zone, but we’re glad to be home, and we hope we can play here this weekend,” head coach John Anderson said.Minnesota’s first scheduled home game — a midweek matinee against St. John’s — was postponed Wednesday.As of now, the Gophers are scheduled to play Michigan State this weekend at Siebert Field.“[Coach Rob Fornasiere] always says, ‘It’s on until it’s off,’ so that’s kind of the mentality you [have to] have going into it,” senior first baseman Dan Olinger said.Still, the schedule could easily change.“We have three days to play three games, so we’ll see what the weather does and how soon our field gets ready to play [on], because it’s frozen still,” Anderson said. “We’ve got a ways to go.”Minnesota was forced to cancel seven games, including six home games, last season. That number included the team’s series against Michigan State, which was completely wiped out because of an April snowstorm.Not playing that series had adverse effects on both teams, Anderson said.“We had a chance to win the [Big Ten] the last weekend, and we lost two games,” he said. “[We] didn’t win the league, because we had three less games than everybody else.”
Pinterest Share on Facebook Prediction is crucial for brain function–without forecasting, our actions would always be too late because of the delay in neural processing. However, there has been limited theoretical work explaining how our brains perform perceptual predictions over time.In the latest issue of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), New York University neuroscientist David Heeger offers a new framework to explain how the brain makes predictions. He outlines how “prediction” may be a general principle of cortical function–along with the already-established role of inference.“It has long been recognized that the brain performs a kind of inference, combining sensory information with expectations,” explains Heeger, a professor in NYU’s Center for Neural Science. “Those expectations can come from the current context, from memory recall, or as an ongoing prediction over time. This new theory puts all of this together and formalizes it mathematically.” Email LinkedIn Share on Twitter Share Largely missing from our understanding of brain function had been models akin to those routinely employed by meteorologists. In making their predictions, forecasters rely on past weather information to project climate conditions over the next several days.“Similarly, the neural networks in our brains embody a type of model of our surroundings,” Heeger observes. “However, we don’t have a clear understanding of how they operate to make predictions.”Existing theories of brain function and neural networks used in artificial intelligence use a hierarchical structure: sensory input comes in at one end and progressively more abstract representations are computed along the hierarchy.But this “feedforward”/pipeline processing architecture, Heeger argues, does not account for the brain’s predictive capabilities because, unlike weather models, it does not explain how it loops in earlier information–a dynamic Heeger’s theory includes.“It’s possible to run this process the other way around–to take an abstract representation at the top of the hierarchy and run it backwards, from top to bottom through the neural net, to generate something like a sensory prediction or expectation,” he explains.Overall, Heeger’s theory blends inference with prediction. The brain’s neural network can process in a feedforward manner–from sensory input to an abstract representation–akin to typical AI neural networks. Heeger’s theory can instead run in a feedback mode–to generate a sensory prediction from an abstract representation (i.e., a kind of memory recall or mental imagery). Or it can run in a mode that is a combination of the two, in which inferences mix sensory input with prediction.The theory also posits a role for noise or variability in neural activity to explore different possible interpretations, even when the sensory input and prediction are the same.“This noise-driven process of exploration may be the neural basis of creativity,” he speculates.Heeger hypothesizes that neuromodulators like acetylcholineine change the brain state to control which mode–purely feedforward, purely feedback, or a combination–is operating at each moment in time. The amount of noise, which determines the amount of exploration, is controlled by other neuromodulators like noradrenaline and by oscillations in brain activity, he suggests.The theory, which uses the model embedded in the neural network to predict and explore over time, offers promise in both the fields of neuroscience research and AI.One of these areas is the assessment of the factors that explain autism. There is no special genetic mechanism that causes autism (so-called “autism genes” account for only a small percentage of cases). Rather, individuals with autism have a neurocomputational deficit–the brain’s processing doesn’t function properly. By understanding more fully how the brain effectively computes, Heeger says, we can potentially shed light on exactly what the neurocomputational differences are. Likewise for other developmental disorders and psychiatric illnesses.In addition, while AI seeks to replicate human decision-making and processing, it cannot fully capture these phenomena if it’s exclusively drawing from a “feedforward” architecture, ignoring prediction and exploration.“The theory of neural function that I’m outlining aims to fill in some of the significant dynamics that AI is missing,” Heeger says.
To access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week. Would you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletters
Oct 16, 2020 St. Lucia records more cases of COVID Oct 15, 2020 Six Eastern Caribbean countries deemed safe for travel – CDC Oct 16, 2020 WHO Experts Welcome Oxford COVID-19 Vaccine(Department of Public Information) The World Health Organisation (WHO) on Monday, welcomed new findings from Oxford University researchers on a novel coronavirus (COVID-19) vaccine, which triggered an immune response. However, the organisation noted the findings are still early. A team of scientists at Oxford University’s Jenner Institute and Oxford Vaccine…July 22, 2020In “CARPHA”CARPHA Now Testing for Novel CoronavirusThe Caribbean Public Health Agency (CARPHA) now has the ability to do testing for the Novel Coronavirus, which the World Health Organisation has named Covid-19. The CARPHA Laboratory is accredited to internationally recognised standards and provides testing services for national laboratories, not for individuals. It takes between 24 and 48…February 13, 2020In “Associate Member States”Measures agreed upon to allow travel between Guyana, Suriname(Department of Public Information, Guyana, Press Release, Tuesday April 21, 2020) Some new ground rules have been agreed to by both Guyana and Suriname on travels between the two neighbours, in light of the novel Coronavirus, COVID-19 pandemic. Officials of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Guyana and Suriname met…April 22, 2020In “Business”Share this on WhatsApp Share this:PrintTwitterFacebookLinkedInLike this:Like Loading… More deaths from COVID-19 recorded in CARICOM countries,… You may be interested in… CMO says Saint Lucia at critical stage of COVID-19 outbreak Oct 15, 2020
Subscribe Get instant access to must-read content today!To access hundreds of features, subscribe today! At a time when the world is forced to go digital more than ever before just to stay connected, discover the in-depth content our subscribers receive every month by subscribing to gasworld.Don’t just stay connected, stay at the forefront – join gasworld and become a subscriber to access all of our must-read content online from just $270.