Minnesota tries an unusual approach to make drug makers, wholesalers pay for the opioid crisis

first_imgPharmalot Unlock this article — plus daily coverage and analysis of the pharma industry — by subscribing to STAT+. First 30 days free. GET STARTED Ed Silverman Seeking to recover costs attributed to the opioid crisis, Minnesota has adopted a first-of-its kind law that requires drug makers and wholesalers that market the addictive painkillers to pay various fees.The move, which is expected to raise an estimated $20 million annually over the next five years, was designed to ensure the state has the financial means to pay for various services, such as addiction prevention and treatment, as a hedge against the outcome of lawsuits that Minnesota officials filed against various opioid makers. Daily reporting and analysis The most comprehensive industry coverage from a powerhouse team of reporters Subscriber-only newsletters Daily newsletters to brief you on the most important industry news of the day STAT+ Conversations Weekly opportunities to engage with our reporters and leading industry experts in live video conversations Exclusive industry events Premium access to subscriber-only networking events around the country The best reporters in the industry The most trusted and well-connected newsroom in the health care industry And much more Exclusive interviews with industry leaders, profiles, and premium tools, like our CRISPR Trackr. What is it? [email protected] Pharmalot Columnist, Senior Writer Ed covers the pharmaceutical industry. STAT+ is STAT’s premium subscription service for in-depth biotech, pharma, policy, and life science coverage and analysis. Our award-winning team covers news on Wall Street, policy developments in Washington, early science breakthroughs and clinical trial results, and health care disruption in Silicon Valley and beyond. @Pharmalot center_img Patrick Sison/AP Minnesota tries an unusual approach to make drug makers, wholesalers pay for the opioid crisis About the Author Reprints GET STARTED Tags opioidspharmaceuticalsSTAT+ What’s included? By Ed Silverman May 30, 2019 Reprints Log In | Learn More last_img read more

Tiger Woods makes history for all the wrong reasons on notorious par-three hole at Masters

first_imgTiger Woods drove nearly double speed limit in February crash April 8, 2021 Tiger Woods would have hoped to finish his Masters title defense with a strong final round, instead he suffered a humiliating meltdown on the hole that was so kind to him in his 2019 triumph at Augusta National.The 155-yard par-three 12th is a treacherous test for even the best, as the 15-time major champion found out on Sunday.Woods, who was three-under-par at the time, hit his initial tee shot into Rae’s Creek, much to his initial dismay. But it was to get far worse.Taking a penalty drop, he struck his next shot onto the green but it spun back into the water, before overcompensating with his fifth shot and firing it over the green into a bunker. RELATEDTOPICS Tiger Woods is ‘awake, responsive’ after Los Angeles rollover crash February 24, 2021 Tiger Woods returns home to Florida while recovering from his injuries March 18, 2021 AdvertisementFaced with a difficult stance in the bunker, Woods thinned his shot back into Rae’s Creek. After taking another drop, Woods made it out of the bunker with his eighth before two-putting from the fringe of the green for his double-digit score.Dropping back to four-over-par, Woods hit back in typical style with five birdies in the next six holes, but the damage had been done and he finished with a round of 76 at one under. Hideki Matsuyama becomes first Japanese man to win Masters April 13, 2021 The-CNN-Wire™ & © 2020 Cable News Network, Inc., a WarnerMedia Company. All rights reserved. AdvertisementDC Young Fly knocks out heckler (video) – Rolling OutRead more6 comments’Mortal Kombat’ Exceeded Expectations Says WarnerMedia ExecutiveRead more2 commentsDo You Remember Bob’s Big Boy?Read more1 commentsKISS Front Man Paul Stanley Reveals This Is The End Of KISS As A Touring Band, For RealRead more1 comments AdvertisementRecommended ArticlesBrie Larson Reportedly Replacing Robert Downey Jr. As The Face Of The MCURead more81 commentsGal Gadot Reportedly Being Recast As Wonder Woman For The FlashRead more29 comments Advertisement Advertisement AdvertisementTags: The MastersTiger Woodslast_img read more

Southwest Florida coronavirus case totals for Monday, Jan. 25

first_imgAdvertisementDC Young Fly knocks out heckler (video) – Rolling OutRead more6 comments’Mortal Kombat’ Exceeded Expectations Says WarnerMedia ExecutiveRead more2 commentsDo You Remember Bob’s Big Boy?Read more1 commentsKISS Front Man Paul Stanley Reveals This Is The End Of KISS As A Touring Band, For RealRead more1 comments Data per the Florida Department of Health as of Monday, Jan. 25. Additional case data compares to the previous update.TOTAL CASES IN FLORIDA: 1,658,169 (+8,720)TOTAL DEATHS IN FLORIDA: 25,849 (+156)TOTAL IN SOUTHWEST FLORIDA: 95,361 (+ 418)LEE COUNTY – 50,892 (+267) | 774 (+2)COLLIER COUNTY – 26,924 (+92) | 394 (+8)CHARLOTTE COUNTY – 9,410 (+43) | 290 (+6)HENDRY COUNTY – 3,973 (+8) | 55 (+0)DESOTO COUNTY – 3,302 (+3) | 66 (+0)GLADES COUNTY – 860 (+5) | 12 (+0) Southwest Florida coronavirus case totals for Tuesday, June 1 June 2, 2021 Southwest Florida coronavirus case totals for Wednesday, June 2 June 3, 2021 Southwest Florida coronavirus case totals for Friday, May 28 May 31, 2021 AdvertisementRecommended ArticlesBrie Larson Reportedly Replacing Robert Downey Jr. As The Face Of The MCURead more81 commentsGal Gadot Reportedly Being Recast As Wonder Woman For The FlashRead more29 commentscenter_img Advertisement Tags: Covid daily totals RELATEDTOPICS Advertisement Southwest Florida coronavirus case totals for Thursday, June 3 June 4, 2021 Advertisementlast_img read more

Killeen overcome The Swan in entertaining Roinn 4 Boys Shield Final

first_img WhatsApp Facebook Home GAA Cumann na mBunscol Killeen overcome The Swan in entertaining Roinn 4 Boys Shield Final GAACumann na mBunscolSport Kelly and Farrell lead the way as St Joseph’s claim 2020 U-15 glory Here are all of Wednesday’s Laois GAA results GAA Previous articleDurrow too strong for Gaelscoil as they claim Division 3 Boys ChampionshipNext articleExciting lineup as Laois GAA club set to launch new initiative LaoisToday Reporter Kileen 10-7 The Swan 6-3Roinn 4 Boys Shield FinalThe Killeen boys followed up the girls as they took on The Swan in the Roinn 4 Boys Shield Final this morning.The first goal of the game came early from Énnae Byrne to give Killeen a strong start. That was followed up by a point from Eoin Kelly.The Swan got their first score on the board after five minutes with a point from Bobby Rowan. Killeen answered back with a score from Cathal Harris. RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Cillian Gorman stood up for The Swan with a great goal before Killeen popped over a point courtesy of Eoin Kelly again.There were a lot of goals on the cards in the build up to half time with green flags raised by Killeen’s  Neil Byrne, two from Énnae Byrne and one from Fiachra Moore.Bobby Rowan was to the fore The Swan with three goals in the lead up to half time to leave the half time score at 6-3 to 4-1 in Killeen’s favour.The second half was full of entertainment with The Swan opening with a goal in the first five minutes from Ciaran Fleming.Killeen grabbed the next 1-3 from a Énnae Byrne goal and point aswell as points from Eoghan Harris and Lee Dempsey.Jake Keating and Bobby Rowan raised the white flag for The Swan heading into the final quarter of the game.Killeen’s Énnae Byrne once again found the back of The Swan’s net but moments later Adam Rowan got a goal back for The Swan.Finne Kelly got The Swan’s last goal but the final goal of the game was in Killeen’s favour coming from Ennae Byrne.The SwanSCORERS – Killeen: Énnae Byrne; 6-3, Eoin Kelly;1-1, Neil Byrne; 2-0, Gordon Fennell; 1-0, Cathal Harris, Eoghan Harris, Lee Dempsey; 0-1 each The Swan: Bobby Rowan; 3-2, Cillian Gorman and Ciaran Fleming, Adam Rohan; 1-0 each, Jake Keating; 0-1Killeen: Ben Griffen, Cathal Harris, Dáire Eyre, Énnae Kelly , Thomas Ashmore, Eoin Kelly, Neil Byrne, Eoghan Harris, Will McGrath, Gordon Fennell, Hugh Wall, John Julian, Fionna Oglesby, lee Dempsey, Glenn Flannery, Jack McDonald, Alex Lawlor, Óran Fennell, Conor Brennan, Fiachra Moore, Conor MulhallThe Swan: Jake Gohery, Luke Connolly, Jake Keating, Ciaran Fleming, Cillian Gorman, Bobby Rowan, Cormac Dineen, james Keating, Hannah Taylor, Clara Fleming, Ava Rowan, Nyah Maher, Finn kelly, Harry Gorman, Harry Egan, Adam Rowan, Elanna KellySEE ALSO – The fixtures for Cumann na mBunscol Football finals 2019 have been announced 2020 U-15 ‘B’ glory for Ballyroan-Abbey following six point win over Killeshin By LaoisToday Reporter – 23rd October 2019 center_img Pinterest TAGSCumann na mBunscol 2019 Killeen overcome The Swan in entertaining Roinn 4 Boys Shield Final Twitter WhatsApp GAA GAA Facebook Twitter Pinterestlast_img read more

FPSC honours financial planning professionals

first_img800x600-red-carpet-awards-41791403 - red carpet event with spotlights award ceremonypremiere nobeastsofierce/123RF The award pays tribute to the late Donald J. Johnston, the FPSC’s founding president and CEO, and is considered the highest honour the FPSC gives out.The award recognizes a financial professional for his or her lifetime advancement of CFP certification and positive impact on the financial planning profession.De Goey, a portfolio manager with Industrial Alliance Securities Inc. in Toronto, has worked for two decades to raise awareness on the importance of the CFP designation among consumers, government representatives and the financial services community.He has also written four editions of the book The Professional Financial Advisor and contributes to various media outlets, often as a financial commentator.“Receiving the Donald J. Johnston Lifetime Achievement Award in Financial Planning is a huge honour and a source of pride for me,” says De Goey, in a statement. “There are many people working to gain professional recognition for financial planning and I’m proud to count myself among them.”As in previous years, the FPSC will make a $10,000 donation in the award winner’s name to a charitable organization of his or her choice. De Goey has selected The Daily Bread Food Bank and Community Living Essex County as recipients of the donation.In addition, Dawn Hawley, a financial planner with Edmonton-based Angus Watt Advisory Group, which operates under the umbrella of National Bank Financial Ltd., was also recognized during the dinner event as the only Fellow of FPSC honouree for 2017.Read: Dawn Hawley named 2017 Fellow of FPSCThe lifelong distinction, created in 2011, recognizes individuals who have helped further the FPSC’s purpose and advance CFP professional standards.Members of the President’s List — candidates who achieved the highest marks on the CFP examination — were also recognized. The Financial Planning Standards Council (FPSC) recognized several financial planners for their achievements and contributions to the financial planning profession in Canada during the organization’s annual Financial Planning Week last week.Most notably, John De Goey was awarded the Donald J. Johnston Lifetime Achievement Award at the FPSC’s Celebration of the Profession Dinner held on Nov. 21 at the Toronto Reference Library. Related news FP Canada names Lifetime Achievement Award recipient Joseph Bakish named 2020 winner of IIAC Top Under 40 award Leah Golob Frank Ryan wins 2020 Distinguished New Advisor Award Keywords Awards,  Financial Planning WeekCompanies Financial Planning Standards Council Share this article and your comments with peers on social media Facebook LinkedIn Twitterlast_img read more

U.S. clearing agency settles charges

first_img Related news James Langton PwC alleges deleted emails, unusual transactions in Bridging Finance case Share this article and your comments with peers on social media Closeup of mallet being hit on stacked coins at table in courtroom andreypopov/123RF Mouth mechanic turned market manipulator Keywords Enforcement,  DerivativesCompanies Commodity Futures Trading Commission, Securities and Exchange Commission The firm settled the case without admitting or denying the regulators’ findings.According to orders from the SEC and the CFTC, OCC “failed to establish and enforce policies and procedures involving financial risk management, operational requirements, and information-systems security.”The regulators note that OCC has been designated as a systemically important financial market utility (SIFMU) in the U.S., which carries enhanced regulatory and transparency requirements, “because disruption to OCC’s operations might be costly not only for itself and its members, but other market participants or the broader financial system.”“As a clearing agency, OCC performs a range of services that are critical to the effective operation of the securities markets,” said SEC chairman Jay Clayton. “Today’s resolution is intended to ensure that OCC will have appropriate policies and procedures in place to meet its obligations to our financial system.”OCC notes that the settlement acknowledges its cooperation with the regulators, and its efforts to correct the issues raised in the case.In particular, it reports that it has received SEC approval to enhance its margin policy and to incorporate stress testing and liquidation costs into its clearing fund and margin methodologies, among other changes.“We take our responsibility to promote the stability and integrity of markets seriously, and we are committed to operating as a resilient clearinghouse and maintaining the highest standards of regulatory compliance throughout our organization,” said John Davidson, CEO of OCC, in a statement. The world’s largest clearing house for equity derivatives, Chicago-based Options Clearing Corp. (OCC), has settled allegations from U.S. regulators that it failed to adopt adequate risk management policies.In a settlement with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), the company agreed to pay US$20 million — US$15 million under the SEC’s order and US$5 million under the CFTC’s order — and to beef up its risk management policies. Facebook LinkedIn Twitter BFI investors plead for firm’s salelast_img read more

Civil news tender for face-to-face education advice contracts

first_imgCivil news tender for face-to-face education advice contracts The Legal Aid Agency (LAA) is launching a tender for face-to-face education advice contracts.Any interested parties that can meet the minimum tender requirements are able to bid for the tender contracts.We have identified a need to increase capacity and are seeking to place additional contracts in this category of law.There is therefore no limit to the number of contracts we are seeking to award.We are particularly interested in receiving tenders from organisations who are willing and able to accept direct referrals from the Civil Legal Advice (CLA) telephone helpline on Thursday and/or Friday each week.TimescalesThe deadline for submitting tenders is 5pm on 20 May 2021.Services under the new contracts will begin as soon as possible in June and no later than 1 July 2021.Contracts will end on 31 August 2022, subject to the LAA’s right to extend this contract for up to a further year.Where can I find out more?Detailed information on the tender is available in the Information for Applicants document on our tender pages. /Public Release. This material comes from the originating organization and may be of a point-in-time nature, edited for clarity, style and length. View in full here. Why?Well, unlike many news organisations, we have no sponsors, no corporate or ideological interests. We don’t put up a paywall – we believe in free access to information of public interest. Media ownership in Australia is one of the most concentrated in the world (Learn more). Since the trend of consolidation is and has historically been upward, fewer and fewer individuals or organizations control increasing shares of the mass media in our country. According to independent assessment, about 98% of the media sector is held by three conglomerates. This tendency is not only totally unacceptable, but also to a degree frightening). Learn more hereWe endeavour to provide the community with real-time access to true unfiltered news firsthand from primary sources. It is a bumpy road with all sorties of difficulties. We can only achieve this goal together. Our website is open to any citizen journalists and organizations who want to contribute, publish high-quality insights or send media releases to improve public access to impartial information. You and we have the right to know, learn, read, hear what and how we deem appropriate.Your support is greatly appreciated. All donations are kept completely private and confidential.Thank you in advance!Tags:Award, education, Government, law, meet, UK, UK Governmentlast_img read more

CU-Boulder Advertising Students Create Responsible Drinking Ad Campaigns

first_img Published: May 4, 1998 CU-Boulder Professor Larry Weisberg gave his advertising campaigns class a tough assignment this semester: Create a campaign aimed at college students which promotes responsible decision-making in regard to alcohol. Two teams of students conducted focus groups, studied similar ad campaigns and thought long and hard about what could keep students from binge drinking. Last week, the School of Journalism and Mass Communication students presented their ideas to the Standing Committee on Substance Abuse (SCOSA); Vice Chancellor Jean Kim; Bob Maust, director of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation grant, A Matter of Degree; Henry Wechsler, Harvard scholar and expert on binge drinking; Sandy A. Hoover, deputy director of the American Medical Association for A Matter of Degree; and Boulder community officials. Weisberg said he was excited to provide a worthwhile service to the campus and the community. “I guess this is the Total Learning Environment at work,” he said. Students had the choice to work – for free – on this campaign or one for Steamboat Springs. “It made me proud that so many chose to work on the responsible drinking campaign. It gives me hope,” Weisberg said. “People are bombarded with so many messages,” said senior Aaron Voelker. “We strived to plant memorable seeds in hopes they keep even one person from overdoing it.” Both teams concentrated on social messages to promote responsibility about drinking – although the tactics they used are different. o Students Against Irresponsible Drinking (SAID) developed a campaign centered on activities people can’t (or shouldn’t) participate in when hung over. One of their ads shows a snowboarder leaping in the air with the message “For a good time tomorrow, drink responsibly tonight.” CU senior Chris LaRocque said his team recognized that not all students would respond to such a message, so they varied the campaign. An idea SAID has for a series of ads is modeled after Playboy magazine’s centerfold. CU defensive back Ryan Chiaverini agreed to be in one of the ads, which says his turn-ons are “ESPN, 50,000 screaming fans at Folsom Field, ice cream and sober dates!” His turn-offs include “sloppy drunk chicks.” “From first look, you can’t even tell this is an ad for responsible drinking. This ad is intended to reach students who don’t respond to any fear tactics,” LaRocque said. o Positively Trashed: Students for Responsible Drinking took a more risqué approach. “You need to remember the language should be something that sounds like peers talking to peers, not an authority talking down to people,” said Weisberg. With that in mind, Positively Trashed developed an ad which depicts a woman looking into a toilet bowl. Inside she sees a man buying drinks for her at a bar. The copy says, “He paid last night, you’ll pay today.” “We wanted to shake people up – to make them think twice about ordering another drink,” senior Aaron Voelker said. “We found through focus groups that students didn’t react to fear tactics because they can’t imagine something tragic happening to them. So we took on social issues like STDs (sexually transmitted diseases), poor sexual performance and social idiots.” The team developed the character of the ultimate social idiot/binge drinker named the Party Monkey. “The Party Monkey basically ruins everyone’s time,” said junior Robert Espinoza. Positively Trashed developed ads where the Party Monkey is vomiting on other people and is passed out in the corner. “Don’t be the Party Monkey” is the message. “The response at last week’s presentation was overwhelmingly positive,” said Maust. “Members of SCOSA agreed that these peer-based campaigns could be quite successful.” Weisberg said he has talked to campus officials and corporations about sponsoring production and placement of the ads. “We’d love to see posters in bathrooms in each bar on The Hill,” Weisberg said. Students are also working with local radio station KBCO to arrange discounted airtime to get their message across. AMA representative Hoover told Weisberg she hopes to run the ads in an upcoming AMA newsletter. Share Share via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via LinkedInShare via E-maillast_img read more

CU's New Research Vice Chancellor, Susan Avery, Known For Communicating About Science, Global Climate Change

first_img Published: Sept. 6, 2004 A professor in electrical and computer engineering known for her research applications of radar in atmospheric science, Susan Avery is highly regarded among research scientists at the University of Colorado at Boulder. But her ability to communicate the importance of science to outside funding agencies and among scientists sets her apart from many in the research community and has become one of her major strengths in the 10 years she served as director of the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, or CIRES. Since 1994 when Avery took the helm of CU-Boulder’s largest research institute, funding has grown from $17 million to more than $41 million, allowing CIRES to strengthen its research programs and expand its influence well beyond campus laboratories. Last month, she was appointed the university’s interim dean of the Graduate School and vice chancellor for research. As director of CIRES, Avery has supported and increased interdisciplinary research programs that have helped link campus researchers in the natural and social sciences on several long-term projects. She also has pushed for expansion of outreach programs to K-12 students and increased fellowship funding to expand research opportunities for graduate students. In the national arena, CIRES is helping to develop a plan for the National Integrated Drought Information System to provide new drought forecasting tools and help water managers better understand climate so they can improve drought planning. Regionally, CIRES is leading the Western Water and Climate Variability project, a cooperative venture with the Western Governors Association. Throughout her time as steward of CIRES’ 550 person research and support staff, Avery has focused on improving communication of scientific principles in a field of high interest to the public and policy-makers: atmospheric change, climate studies and climate change. In 2003, while on sabbatical and working in Washington, D.C., Avery focused on the problem of scientists’ failure to communicate important findings that affect climate change and global warming. “How we respond to changes in the climate and how we use natural resources are issues that pose some very serious problems for society, yet as scientists we aren’t doing enough to help people interpret these issues,” Avery said. Water use is a primary example. “Decision-makers take water away from agricultural uses and give it to municipalities and industry, which has a lot of long-term implications that sometimes aren’t addressed,” she said. “By taking water out of agricultural use, you lose the flexibility to use it in other ways in the future and you increase your risk and vulnerability in dry years, as the West is experiencing now.” Inadequate communication between scientists and the public also can exacerbate problems such as resource allocation, she said. “As scientists, we’re sometimes not answering the questions the policy-makers are trying to ask,” said Avery. “We need to help frame questions about the environment so our scientific information can be better used to help make decisions. “We also need to do less of what I refer to as ‘the scientific journal approach’ to issues and more to communicate better with the public,” she said. Avery has tried to do that as president of the 11,000-member American Meteorological Society, which publishes several scientific journals, sponsors 12 conferences, promotes public-private sector cooperation on climate issues and provides educational programs for academics, professionals, students and weather enthusiasts. She was president-elect last year and will serve two years as past president of AMS after this year. While leading programs at CIRES and AMS, Avery has kept her hand in several research projects, including studies of precipitation patterns and changes in atmospheric circulations in the tropics and polar regions. Avery and Research Associates Rob Schaffer and Diego Janches of CIRES are using new radar instrumentation at a NOAA field site in Platteville, Colo., to perfect new ways of using radar to study the atmosphere. Avery’s team has applied radar to the study of meteor trails to determine the variability of winds in the upper atmosphere. By studying meteor flux, she hopes to learn more about atmospheric composition and circulation to find out “how things are moving around in the upper atmosphere — and how circulation patterns may be different than in the past,” she said. Meteors are the source for metallic ions, for example, that act as “seeds” for noctilucent clouds, the silvery-blue polar mesospheric clouds that normally appear in the Arctic, Avery said. The clouds have begun appearing further south, and may signal changes in the upper atmosphere. Another research focus is the study of atmospheric tides, or wave motions, in the upper atmosphere that are produced by heating both from the sun and the Earth’s surface. “These waves are a dominant feature in the upper atmosphere that are global in extent and are affected by global absorption of heat and heating from the surface,” Avery said. “We need to learn how these atmospheric tides are changing and how the lower and upper atmospheres are coupled together.” Changes in the waves, apparent in the appearance of noctilucent clouds at lower latitudes, may be an effect of global warming and may indicate “that global warming is manifesting itself in the upper atmosphere before we see it in the lower atmosphere,” Avery said. “Global warming is a big experiment that we’re doing on a global scale,” she said. “We need to decide how much information it will take before we can begin taking action to reverse this process. We’ll never understand the warming process perfectly and if we try to wait until we do, it may be too late to make a difference.” Share Share via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via LinkedInShare via E-maillast_img read more

Ecological restoration must be held to more robust standards, says interdisciplinary team of scholars

first_imgShare Share via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via LinkedInShare via E-mail “Global initiatives point towards ecological restoration as a solution to many of the world’s environmental problems. However, current understanding of the term is so broad that it encompasses efforts that are not consistent with ecological science,” said University of Colorado Boulder Associate Professor Katharine Suding, a community ecologist and lead author of the paper. “It’s critical that policy and planning documents consider in detail what restoration means and what it looks like to ensure these projects have meaningful, long-term results.” National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center news releasePolicy communities increasingly call upon ecological restoration as a means to address many of the major threats facing the world’s ecosystems. But internationally accepted best practices for restoration efforts are noticeably absent.A new article published online today in Science calls on parties to global agreements, such as the United Nations’ New York Declaration on Forests, to take up a set of holistic guiding principles for restoration projects. The authors—experts from the fields of ecology, economics, law, political science, geography, and philosophy—outlined the principles as part of an interdisciplinary working group on restoration funded by the National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center (SESYNC).“Global initiatives point towards ecological restoration as a solution to many of the world’s environmental problems. However, current understanding of the term is so broad that it encompasses efforts that are not consistent with ecological science,” said University of Colorado Boulder Associate Professor Katharine Suding, a community ecologist and lead author of the paper. “It’s critical that policy and planning documents consider in detail what restoration means and what it looks like to ensure these projects have meaningful, long-term results.”Many of the world’s ecosystems have been degraded or entirely destroyed by human activities, and the impacts of transformed landscapes can have far-reaching consequences for natural ecosystems and human communities alike. Although it’s widely acknowledged that human intervention through ecological restoration is necessary to correct or remediate these altered landscapes, exactly what such intervention should entail is still much debated, said Suding, a faculty member in the ecology and evolutionary biology department and fellow at the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research.Bringing their collective perspectives to bear in a series of workshops, the interdisciplinary team determined that restoration projects should be guided by four comprehensive principles to maximize benefits such as conserved biodiversity and sustained livelihoods. The authors concluded that ecological restoration should [1] increase ecological integrity, [2] be sustainable in the long-term, [3] be informed by the past and future, and [4] benefit and engage society. Initiatives that emphasize one principle over the full suite are not true restoration—and therefore are insufficient to address restoration goals of international agreements such as the Declaration on Forests.The scholars say these principles are needed now more than ever before.“An unprecedented number of recent commitments have been made to restoration at very large scales, but there is no global campaign or clear guidance to ensure success. The worry is that shortcuts, sufficient for achieving only limited goals, will be used to meet restoration targets,” explained Eric Higgs, an environmental scientist at the University of Victoria and co-author of the paper.The principles outlined by the researchers provide a clear framework for avoiding the very shortcuts Higgs warns against. The authors point out that, thanks to the diversity of their disciplinary backgrounds, the principles are applicable across different cultural and regulatory contexts.“We’re trying to provide legal, policy, and planning audiences with a more focused definition of ecological restoration to avoid a false advertising or greenwashing of the term,” said Baird Callicott, an environmental philosopher at the University of North Texas who led the SESYNC working group. “The misapplication of ‘restoration’ has egregious consequences—we don’t have to look far to see how this happens and what it means for natural ecosystems and human communities.”The authors point to compensatory mitigation for mountaintop removal mining as an example of so-called restoration that fails to hit the mark. Coal companies are required by federal law to avoid, minimize, and mitigate the destructive impacts of their operations on waterways. But regulatory criteria for restoration do not match up with fundamental scientific standards.“On paper, mining companies are in compliance with federal requirements—but only because restoration is defined ambiguously. In reality, the term restoration is being coopted for activities that do not address the physical, chemical, and biological processes of a healthy stream,” said Kelly Hondula, an ecosystem ecologist at SESYNC and co-author of the paper.But it doesn’t have to be that way. The scholars say the adoption of their principles now will help local-to-global restoration initiatives achieve sustainability and resilience into the future.In addition to Suding, Higgs, Callicott and Hondula, the article’s co-authors are Margaret Palmer, SESYNC executive director and a restoration ecologist at the University of Maryland; Christopher Anderson, an ecologist at the Argentine National Scientific and Technical Research Council and the National University of Tierra del Fuego; Matthew Baker, an ecohydrologist at the University of Maryland Baltimore County; John Gutrich and an ecological economist at Southern Oregon University.Additional authors include Matthew LaFevor, a human–environment geographer at SESYNC; Brendon Larson, an environmental social scientist at the University of Waterloo; Alan Randall, an environmental economist at the Ohio State University; J.B. Ruhl, a legal scholar at Vanderbilt University; and Katrina Schwartz, a political scientist at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.This work was supported by the National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center (SESYNC) under funding received from the National Science Foundation DBI-1052875.Media Contact: Melissa Andreychek, (410) [email protected] Categories:Science & TechnologyNews Headlines Published: May 7, 2015 last_img read more