Mapping indigenous lands in Indonesia’s tallest mountains

first_imgLocal NGOs in the Baliem Valley of Indonesia’s Papua province are working with indigenous peoples to map their customary territories.Over the past two decades, one foundation has mapped 19 of the 27 customary territories in Papua’s Jayawijaya district.Some communities who were initially suspicious of the program have decided to trust it. ASOLOKOBAL, Indonesia — Laurensius Lani’s footsteps can be heard at dawn alongside the traditional honay thatched-roof houses of the Baliem Valley, here in the archipelago country’s eastermost Papua province.This is a region of biodiversity and riches. Asolokobal sits on the southern end of Indonesia’s sole snow-covered mountain range. Tasmanian tigers (Thylacinus cynocephalus), long thought to be extinct in the wild, were said to be spotted here not long ago. Yet, 125 miles north along the Jayawijaya range is the world’s largest copper and gold mine, operated by U.S. company Freeport-McMoRan.Since 1996, Lani has worked with the Foundation for the Customary Development of Walesi (YBAW), a local NGO, to map indigenous peoples’ customary lands. He sees such mapping as the first step towards empowering these communities to use their land sustainably. The lack of clearly delineated boundaries is a big problem in Indonesia, one often taken advantage of by large companies trying to acquire community lands for development.Over the last 20 years, the foundation has mapped 19 of the 27 customary territories here in Jayawijaya district – not easy work given the many peaks in Indonesia’s highest altitude region. Jayawijaya customary lands include Mount Trikora (4,750 meters/15,600 feet above sea level), Mount Mandala (4,700 meters above sea level), Mount Yamin (4,500 meters above sea level) and Lake Habema (3,200 meters above sea level). These magnificent land features sit in Lorenz National Park — the largest national park in Southeast Asia.The territories the team has mapped range from the enormous (26,000-hectare Inyarek; 22,000-hectare Uelesi; and 18,000-hectare Aluama) to the minute (Tuma, which is wedged alongside the Uelesi region).“I started advocating for local rights after returning from Jayapura,” Lani explained, referring to the provincial capital. “With technological advances, many locals are choosing to sell their land; our forest and people are beginning to change.” Lani said this trend was not isolated. It is happening in Wamena and other areas of Jayawijaya too.Jayawijayans traditionally regard the earth and forest as their “mother,” entities that feed, contain and nurture. From this perspective, the sale of the very earth and land seem especially sad to Lani, who is keenly aware that natural resources are finite.“Mapping is one means to preserve local rights. If we manage our lands, there will be a legacy for our children and grandchildren to inherit. After all, the earth and forest itself does not get longer or wider, or have its own offspring. Man does.”A cluster of honai dwellings in Papua’s Jayawijaya district. Photo by Wahyu Mulyono for MongabayGovernment offices in Jayawijaya and Jakarta have supported Lani’s foundation and its mapping initiative, since so much conflict — both interethnic and that pitting communities against companies and the state — is related to disputes over land and forest ownership. “With territories mapped, people have a clearer idea of boundaries and better sense of areas they are not allowed to enter,” said Yunus Matuan, the head of Jayawijaya’s Forestry Office. “If all the indigenous lands were mapped, we might have zero conflict.”Once boundaries are delineated, the hope is to gather demographic data such as population size, the age and education levels of the populace, the number of ceremonial locations such as honai and the variety of infrastructure such as health centers. There are also plans to include regional planning details such as zoning for future paddy fields, livestock and agricultural lands, clean water sources, fishery and forestry sources.Natural and agricultural features are also important to note, according to Cornelis Oagay, from the Center for the Study of Community Empowerment (LSPK), a local mapping and planning institution. “After this process, we will register our maps with the national Ancestral Domain Registration Agency [BRWA],” he said. “We hope this data will enable the government to create and adjust regional regulations in a more informed, collaborative manner.”At first local communities were suspicious about the idea of mapping their territories. They worried the maps were being made in order to steal their lands. Gradually, though, the communities in different customary areas came to believe in the importance of mapping. They were especially drawn to the idea that mapping could lead to regional management plans on which they would have input.“Drawing up the customary land maps feels like the building of a strong, sturdy wall for our children and grandchildren, “said Enius Lokobal, an Asolokobal church and community leader. “If you have a fence, a set of rules and legislation, our people will feel protected and secure in our thoughts for future generations. This way, we can develop our ancestral lands in line with our own needs.”This story was reported by Mongabay’s Indonesia team and was first published on our Indonesian site on Nov. 17, 2016.Banner image: Local community members discuss review of a map of their area at a church in Asolokobal. Photo by Wahyu Mulyono for Mongabay Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored Article published by mongabayauthorcenter_img Conservation, Environment, Environmental Policy, Forestry, Forests, Indigenous Peoples, Indigenous Rights, Land Conflict, Land Grabbing, Land Rights, Mapping, Rainforests, Tropical Forests last_img read more

Financing sustainable agriculture possible, if terms fit farmers’ needs

first_imgAgriculture, Amazon Agriculture, Amazon Conservation, Amazon Destruction, Amazon Soy, Avoided Deforestation, Conservation, Deforestation, Drivers Of Deforestation, Environment, Environmental Economics, Farming, Food, Food Vs Forests Debate, Forests, Gfrn, Global Forest Watch, Innovation In Conservation, Innovation In Tropical Forest Conservation, Palm Oil, Rainforest Agriculture, Rainforest Conservation, Rainforest Deforestation, Rainforest Destruction, Rainforests, Saving Rainforests, Saving The Amazon, Soy, Tropical Forests Article published by John Cannon Worldwide, more deforestation results from the push for farmland than any other cause.The Global Canopy Programme reports that funding aimed at encouraging a move away from deforestation-based agriculture and toward more sustainable methods must be designed to address the needs of farmers.Loans with longer terms and lower interest rates can help farmers who are switching to sustainable agriculture survive the ‘valley of death’ – that is, the first few years of new methods before their production becomes profitable. Much of the deforestation in the world’s tropical rainforests comes so that we humans have enough to eat. But sustainable agricultural practices exist that help farmers coax more corn and soybeans, coffee and cacao, and a host of other products from the soil, without having to draw on land that’s currently covered with standing forest.The tricky part is getting those tools and techniques to farmers and finding backers to fund the transition from traditional practices to sustainable farming.“Farmers don’t have the money they need, and investors don’t know where to put their money,” said Simone Bauch, who directs the Global Canopy Programme in Latin America. The Global Canopy Programme is an Oxford, England-based think tank working at the intersection of tropical forest conservation and economics.Cocoa pods hang from a tree. Photo by Rhett A. ButlerBauch and her colleagues have just published a report that outlines how different finance approaches can streamline that shift to more environmentally friendly agriculture for smallholder producers.Research indicates around 80 percent of recent deforestation in the Peruvian Amazon was small-scale, most of which was likely done to make way for small farms. Conservationists are eager to shrink that statistic, but as Bauch and her coauthors point out, they don’t often have a nuanced understanding of finance. With the report, the team draws on four years of experience with the Unlocking Forest Finance project and illustrates how different financial tools – or “instruments” – farmers get access an assist in shifting their methods.One of the big hurdles for farmers is getting loans to cover the move to more sustainable farming practices. It’s especially a challenge that crops up with perennial plants like coffee that need about four years before revenues start to flow in – what Bauch calls the “valley of death.” But credit aimed at encouraging green farming can be tailored to this set of challenges, she said, “for example, decreasing interest rates to make them cheaper, or tweaking the terms of loans for producers.”Banks and other lenders could also extend the loan’s timeline, to perhaps 15 to 30 years, she added.“Yes, it’s longer than usual. But it’s definitely doable.”In a case study looking at small producers of cacao in the Amazonian region of San Martin in Peru, the Global Canopy Programme found that by providing lower interest rates, a one-year grace period during which farmer only had to pay interest and a longer payback term gave farmers more cash in the first few years of production. This liquidity, they argue, makes the transition to sustainable farming methods more realistic and hedges against shocks like droughts, floods and fires that could wipe out their harvests.The San Martín region of central Peru lost more than 9 percent of its tree cover between 2001 and 2015, according to satellite data from the University of Maryland. While the region still boasts tracts of intact forest landscape (IFLs) – areas of native land cover large and undisturbed enough to retain their original biodiversity levels – portions of those IFLs have been degraded since 2000. Small-scale agriculture is considered a major driver of deforestation in central Peru.Just as these schemes need to address issues for the producers, they also need to assuage the concerns of investors. Those who might otherwise be interested in footing the bill for a switch to more sustainable methods typically shy away from such ventures because they see them as “high risk, low return.”That concern is “justified,” Bauch said. “Doing something different means it’s risky.”The change in mindset requires a “shift in perception,” she said. Tools such as insurance and credit guarantees, in which an NGO or bank shoulders some of the risk of these loans, could make this type of investment more attractive.Larger companies might also agree to fund farmers ahead of time in exchange for the chance to lock in purchases of agricultural commodities in what’s known as “an off-take agreement.” This pact helps to address a concern that Bauch has heard from large buyers.A pilot project in the region of San Martin in Peru is underway to help smallholder farmers transition to more sustainable methods over the next 10 years. Image courtesy of the Global Canopy Programme“A lot of the big companies in supply chains such as cocoa [and] coffee, but also soy and beef, for example … complain that they don’t find sustainable producers that everyone is asking them to buy from,” she said.Bauch added that one of the key lessons from the Global Canopy Programme’s experience in Latin America and elsewhere is that a single drop-in solution is unlikely to help farmers push through to more sustainable methods.“Finance can flow through different instruments. It’s not like there’s one silver bullet that will solve all the problems,” she said. “It’s mostly what instrument fits what scenario and how can you actually get the actors together to back that instrument.”FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page.CITATIONSGreenpeace, University of Maryland, World Resources Institute and Transparent World. “Intact Forest Landscapes. 2000/2013” Accessed through Global Forest Watch on June 2, 2017. www.globalforestwatch.orgFiner, M. & Novoa, S. (2017). Patterns and Drivers of Deforestation in the Peruvian Amazon. MAAP: Synthesis #2.Hansen, M. C., P. V. Potapov, R. Moore, M. Hancher, S. A. Turubanova, A. Tyukavina, D. Thau, S. V. Stehman, S. J. Goetz, T. R. Loveland, A. Kommareddy, A. Egorov, L. Chini, C. O. Justice, and J. R. G. Townshend. 2013. “High-Resolution Global Maps of 21st-Century Forest Cover Change.” Science 342 (15 November): 850–53. Data available on-line from:http://earthenginepartners.appspot.com/science-2013-global-forest. Accessed through Global Forest Watch on June 2, 2017. www.globalforestwatch.orgBanner photo of cocoa plants in Peru by John C. Cannon.center_img Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredlast_img read more